Angola’s kwanza traded for dollars on the street, not in banks

Corruption is a big problem in Angola, and one result is an economy in crisis. One result of this is that currently (October 2017), kwanzas are being traded for US dollars on the street, but aren’t available in the banks (where if they were available, you’d get a better deal that you do on the street). Another interesting fact regarding Angola’s economy: Angola is an oil-producing nation that needs to import gasoline!

Learn more about Angola’s economy by going to this link: http://www.npr.org/2017/10/17/558252004/foreign-currency-crisis-tells-the-story-of-angolas-economic-peril

 

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Grey Matters: Urban Cleaning and Graffiti on the Streets of São Paulo

urbanculturalstudies

Here I will refer to some recent events in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and the public backlash as street graffiti is erased by the recently elected Mayor João Dória. The decision started as part of a larger project called “Cidade Linda” [Beautiful City]. Consider some the video below showing some of the images of the art on the walls of the city (in Portuguese): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LE2HyBMy4NU

Screenshot 2017-03-11 15.52.41

São Paulo, a grey metropolis with high skyscrapers, has a history of street art dating back to the 1980s: please refer to Marcelo Pinheiro’s blog in brasileiros.com.br on the relation between graffiti, Hip-Hop, and the empowerment of the young generations from the poor suburbs of São Paulo, or the distinction between graffiti and pichação in the Cities Project, created by the Guardian with support from the Rockefeller Foundation. The relationship of the city with graffiti has also led in the past to…

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Vegetarian Options for All in Portugal

The Portuguese government voted Friday, March 3, 2017, in favor of requiring schools to offer vegetarian options to any student. Previously only those with religious or health reasons for choosing vegetarian could receive a vegetarian meal in their school cafeterias. Those with ethical reasons couldn’t. The video link below gives insight into home dining (wine with lunch) and school cafeteria lunches (no paper bags in sight). The political parties behind the law’s creation were: PAN  (Pessoas Animais Natureza), BE (Bloco de Esquerda) and Os Verdes.

https://www.rtp.pt/noticias/pais/ementas-das-cantinas-escolares-vao-ter-pratos-vegetarianos_v986908

Whiteface and Blackface in Brazil

In “Blacks in Brazil,” Henry Louis Gates Jr. talked about how Chica da Silva, a slave who gained her freedom and became rich, was able to “almost escape her blackness.” In a film about da Silva, we see the actress depicting her, Zezé Motta, in “whiteface,” thus portraying da Silva’s desire for something more than a privileged life, namely, to look white. Many people are familiar with blackface, a manifestation of racism in which white actors portrayed blacks by painting their faces, usually depicting a stereotyped image of blacks in subservient roles. Even in Brazil, people talk about “blackface,” using the English word. Some people in the U.S. may be less familiar with, and less conscious of, the social climbing through miscegenation that has happened in various societies (not just U.S., nor just lusophone). Of course, miscegenation produces a real whitening of the skin. Whiteface was more like blackface, a literal painting on of whiteness, and yet in some ways it is its opposite. It is, at least sometimes, a way of trying to get closer to that which one wants to be, not a way of oppressing the Other. Another famous example of someone painting his face white to, possibly, reduce or erase to an extent his blackness, is Carlos Alberto, a soccer player who played for Fluminense in Brazil in the early 20th century. No one seems to debate the fact that he put face powder or pó de arroz (literally “rice powder”) on his face. What is disputed is the reason why. Some say it was simply something he did after shaving. Others suggest it is indicative of the racism that existed in the soccer club; that is, that it was a way of seeming whiter, and therefore a way of making him seem more fitting for the team. It’s not hard to believe this was true, given that racism has its links to soccer even to this day, existing among some fans, as well as in the clubs themselves. Racist comments and actions by fans, such as calling players monkeys, are too often tolerated, which has caused an increase in racism, according to a 2015 study cited in the Brazil edition of the Huffington Post. Soccer is, not surprisingly, not the only place where racism is on display. A woman who has been called Brazil’s Beyoncé, Taís Araújo faced similar racist attacks online in early 2015. Meanwhile, Beyoncé, as a reaction to criticism that she was not “black enough,” sat in blackface for a photo shoot at Rolling Stone, and then faced further criticism for this act. Black people painting their faces white seems to be a fairly rare event, but white people wearing blackface – despite the fact that it is almost always quickly and roundly critiqued as racist – continues. As recently as the 2017 Carnaval celebration in Salvador, Brazil, singer Daniela Mercury appeared with her skin darkened and donning a large afro wig. She was immediately criticized in social media. Her response: She is a “black person with white skin,” meaning that she feels more tied culturally to traditions that have their roots in Africa, as opposed to those that originated in Europe. It seems to me that, as a “black person with white skin,” if such a person can exist, Mercury ought to be more sensitive to the history of oppression and racism that is connected to blackface.

Sources:

https://youtu.be/Gh7c46U5hhY (Black in Brazil, PBS documentary featuring Henry Louis Gates, Jr.)

http://www.fluminense.com.br/site/futebol/2015/05/13/conheca-a-verdadeira-historia-sobre-a-origem-do-po-de-arroz/ (about Carlos Alberto)

http://www.huffpostbrasil.com/2016/10/17/racismo-cresce-no-futebol-brasileiro-aponta-estudo-e-a-impunid_a_21699445/?utm_hp_ref=br-racismo-no-futebol

http://www.huffpostbrasil.com/2015/11/01/tais-araujo-racismo_n_8444978.html (about Taís Araújo)

http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/beyonce-criticized-for-blackface-photo-shoot-20110224

http://www.huffpostbrasil.com/2017/02/28/daniela-mercury-quis-promover-o-empoderamento-negro-mas-receb_a_21859132/ (about Daniela Mercury)

 

 

From the encounter between Brazil and Portugal/Do encontro do Brasil com Portugal

Economic Migrants

Meet my great friend Giselle.

akc: How did you decide to immigrate to Europe?

g: So… I have always wanted to do an exchange so badly. But when I was younger, my parents neither had the money nor the courage to let me go for a couple of months or even years without coming back home. At 28, I felt that it was a bit late for this kind of “adventure” and I applied for this masters here in Portugal. Getting accepted was my greatest victory.

Since I was already working and had some money saved, I talked to a bunch of relatives, I showed my letter of acceptance and in 2011, I left full of hopes and dreams to the Old World.

akc: Since when have you been living in Portugal?

g: Since 2011. In October it will be 5 years (Wow!!)

akc: What do you say to someone…

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